Despite the remarkable decline, there are several challenges in achieving zero indigenous transmission. “As the number of cases go down, it becomes essential to track each and every case.
According to the data reviewed by HT, India will report an estimated 5.1 million cases in 2018 compared to 9.6 million in 2017, according to estimates by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), which implements the country’s malaria elimination programme and which has set a target to have zero indigenous cases by 2027.
A report on this is expected to be released by the end of the year. “The new report will show a decline of around 50% in the number of cases and an even sharper decline in mortality. This can be attributed to the use of the very clear evidence-based interventions, especially insecticidal nets,” said Manoj Jhalani, additional secretary, ministry of health ministry and family welfare.
Malaria cases declined by between 10% and 85% in 2018 across states, according to the surveillance data. Only Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and Lakshadweep reported an increase in the number of cases over the previous year.